The EU leads with the first international AI regulation

We help you understand the content of this pioneering law and what it consists of.

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13/12/2023
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After a lot of work, intense debates and varied proposals, negotiations on the first global regulation of artificial intelligence have ended. Although there is still an administrative journey ahead of the European elections in June 2024, this agreement is a significant step.

The European Union has worked hard to establish a legal framework for AI, highlighting its pioneering nature. The negotiations have been extensive, culminating in marathon sessions and a consensus that sets global precedents.

Key aspects of the agreement

A provisional but crucial pact

Although the agreement is “provisional”, its impact is indisputable. The standard will not fully take effect until the end of 2026, but its relevance has already been recognized by European leaders, including Ursula von der Leyen.

The classification of risks in AI

A distinctive aspect of the legislation is the classification of AI according to the level of risk, from minimal to unacceptable. Each category imposes specific requirements, from “free passes” for low-risk AI to bans for those that pose an “unacceptable risk”.

Prohibited applications and support for innovation

The European Parliament has detailed banned applications that threaten rights and democracy. In addition, measures have been established to promote innovation and severe penalties have been imposed for non-compliance with regulations.

Intense and strategic negotiations

The path to this agreement has been marked by intense and strategic negotiations. The marathon sessions reflect the complexity and importance of finding a balance between safety, European values and the promotion of innovation.

AI Act: An Evolutionary Process

The development of the AI Act, known as the AI Act, began almost three years ago. This evolutionary process has been fundamental to define the possibilities and limitations of AI, emphasizing the identification and mitigation of risks.

Transparency and specific risks

The regulation focuses on transparency and addresses specific risks associated with AI. This includes safeguards in the use of biometric identification systems and regulations for generative AI models, such as ChatGPT.

Copyright and security implications

The legislation also focuses on the intersection between AI and copyright, ensuring compliance with existing regulations. It also establishes requirements for cybersecurity and energy efficiency of AI models.

Economic Impact and Sanctions

Significant penalties for non-compliance have been detailed, with fines that can be substantial for companies that don't follow the guidelines. This underlines the EU's serious approach to compliance and effective regulation of AI.

Strategic and Temporary Considerations

The announcement of the agreement in the context of the upcoming European elections underlines its strategic and temporary importance, setting a precedent in AI legislation before a significant political event.

Differences over biometric identification

Negotiations have been especially intense around biometric identification systems, resolved with a consensus that limits their use under strict conditions.

The EU marks the future

The historic agreement reached by the European Union in the field of artificial intelligence represents a significant milestone both for Europe and for the global regulation of AI. This pact, the result of extensive negotiations and meticulous planning, sets a precedent in risk classification, transparency, protection of rights and promotion of innovation.

By effectively balancing ethical and technological challenges, the EU demonstrates its leadership and vision in shaping a future where artificial intelligence is safe, reliable and aligned with human and democratic values. As we approach the full implementation of these regulations, the world is seeing how this pioneering framework will influence the development and governance of AI globally, marking a path forward for other countries and regions. This agreement is a step forward towards a more ethical and responsible technological future.

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After a lot of work, intense debates and varied proposals, negotiations on the first global regulation of artificial intelligence have ended. Although there is still an administrative journey ahead of the European elections in June 2024, this agreement is a significant step.

The European Union has worked hard to establish a legal framework for AI, highlighting its pioneering nature. The negotiations have been extensive, culminating in marathon sessions and a consensus that sets global precedents.

Key aspects of the agreement

A provisional but crucial pact

Although the agreement is “provisional”, its impact is indisputable. The standard will not fully take effect until the end of 2026, but its relevance has already been recognized by European leaders, including Ursula von der Leyen.

The classification of risks in AI

A distinctive aspect of the legislation is the classification of AI according to the level of risk, from minimal to unacceptable. Each category imposes specific requirements, from “free passes” for low-risk AI to bans for those that pose an “unacceptable risk”.

Prohibited applications and support for innovation

The European Parliament has detailed banned applications that threaten rights and democracy. In addition, measures have been established to promote innovation and severe penalties have been imposed for non-compliance with regulations.

Intense and strategic negotiations

The path to this agreement has been marked by intense and strategic negotiations. The marathon sessions reflect the complexity and importance of finding a balance between safety, European values and the promotion of innovation.

AI Act: An Evolutionary Process

The development of the AI Act, known as the AI Act, began almost three years ago. This evolutionary process has been fundamental to define the possibilities and limitations of AI, emphasizing the identification and mitigation of risks.

Transparency and specific risks

The regulation focuses on transparency and addresses specific risks associated with AI. This includes safeguards in the use of biometric identification systems and regulations for generative AI models, such as ChatGPT.

Copyright and security implications

The legislation also focuses on the intersection between AI and copyright, ensuring compliance with existing regulations. It also establishes requirements for cybersecurity and energy efficiency of AI models.

Economic Impact and Sanctions

Significant penalties for non-compliance have been detailed, with fines that can be substantial for companies that don't follow the guidelines. This underlines the EU's serious approach to compliance and effective regulation of AI.

Strategic and Temporary Considerations

The announcement of the agreement in the context of the upcoming European elections underlines its strategic and temporary importance, setting a precedent in AI legislation before a significant political event.

Differences over biometric identification

Negotiations have been especially intense around biometric identification systems, resolved with a consensus that limits their use under strict conditions.

The EU marks the future

The historic agreement reached by the European Union in the field of artificial intelligence represents a significant milestone both for Europe and for the global regulation of AI. This pact, the result of extensive negotiations and meticulous planning, sets a precedent in risk classification, transparency, protection of rights and promotion of innovation.

By effectively balancing ethical and technological challenges, the EU demonstrates its leadership and vision in shaping a future where artificial intelligence is safe, reliable and aligned with human and democratic values. As we approach the full implementation of these regulations, the world is seeing how this pioneering framework will influence the development and governance of AI globally, marking a path forward for other countries and regions. This agreement is a step forward towards a more ethical and responsible technological future.

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